In social psychology, ambiguity is a factor used to determine people`s reactions to different situations. A high level of ambiguity in an emergency (p.B an unconscious man lying on a park bench) makes witnesses less likely to offer help for fear of misinterpreting the situation and acting unnecessarily. Alternatively, clear emergencies (e.g. B an injured person verbally asking for help) lead to more consistent intervention and support. When it comes to the spectator effect, studies have shown that emergencies that are considered ambiguous trigger the appearance of the classic spectator effect (where more witnesses reduce the likelihood that one of them will help) much more than clear emergencies.  Some time ago, a friend told me the following. What I find interesting about this question is that it is ambiguous, with ambiguity neither grammatical (structural) nor lexical. The question is, I think, pragmatically ambiguous. More problematic are words whose meanings express closely related concepts. For example, «good» can mean «useful» or «functional» (it`s a good hammer), «exemplary» (it`s a good student), «pleasant» (it`s a good soup), «moral» (a good person in relation to the lesson to be learned from a story), «fair», etc.
«I have a good daughter» is not clear what meaning means. The different ways of applying prefixes and suffixes can also lead to ambiguities («unlockable» can mean that «can be unlocked» or «impossible to lock»). Mathematical notation, which is widely used in physics and other sciences, avoids many ambiguities in relation to expression in natural language. However, for various reasons, several lexical, syntactic and semantic ambiguities remain. Linguistic ambiguity can be a fun or serious case to influence public understanding. So let`s look at the following two examples: In literature and rhetoric, ambiguity can be a useful tool. The classical spirit of Groucho Marx, for example, depends on grammatical ambiguity for his humor: «Last night I shot an elephant in pajamas. How he got into my pajamas, I`ll never know. Songs and poetry often rely on ambiguous words for artistic impact, as in the song`s title «Don`t It Make My Brown Eyes Blue» (where «blue» may refer to color or sadness). Remember that the ambiguity of the language sometimes seems interesting; But it could also lead to deep misunderstandings. Just know when it`s appropriate to use it and always let others read your item in a case if you don`t intend to use it.
Lexical ambiguity makes puns and other types of word games funny, and unintentional humor can occur when words aren`t considered with enough care. For example, the Columbia Journalism Review has already published a collection of ambiguous headlines such as «Paperwork Maintains a New Bridge.» The ambiguity comes from the fact that delays and support can mean, and the humor comes from the fact that the idea of keeping a bridge with the bureaucracy in place is ridiculous. Titles that are difficult to analyze due to ambiguity are sometimes called crash flowers, so named after the one that appeared in Japan Today: «Violinist related to JAL Crash Blossoms.» Lexical ambiguity is opposed to semantic ambiguity. The first represents a choice between a finite number of known and significant contextual interpretations. The latter represents a choice between a number of possible interpretations, none of which can have an agreed standard meaning. This form of ambiguity is closely linked to indeterminacy. But as a philosopher H. Paul Grice (1975) pointed out that we do not consider statements to be logically complete; We assume that the people we interact with are working with us. As a result, we assume that the things they say are (among other things) relevant and complete.
Thus, a reasonable person could fill the necessary boundaries from the context and understand the question in such a way that it means, «If you randomly choose an answer to this question from a list of four possible answers, how likely are you to be right?» In this case, we can calculate an answer: 25%. The lexical ambiguity of a word or phrase refers to the fact that it has more than one meaning in the language to which the word belongs.  «Meaning» here refers to everything that should be captured by a good dictionary. For example, the word «bank» has several different lexical definitions, including «financial institution» and «riverside.» Or think of «pharmacist.» You might say, «I bought herbs at the pharmacy.» This could mean that you have spoken to the pharmacist or gone to the pharmacy. From these examples, we can define the term ambiguity as any word, phrase, or statement that could have more than one possible meaning. Therefore, the use of this term could leave the reader or listener confused by the blur. Sometimes people use these terms on purpose; At other times, they don`t even know they`ve used one. In writing and language, there are two forms of ambiguity: lexical ambiguity and syntactic ambiguity. The concept of ambiguity is generally opposed to imprecision. In ambiguity, specific and different interpretations are allowed (although some may not be immediately obvious), while with vague information it is difficult to form an interpretation at the desired level of specificity. Some physical quantities do not yet have established notations; their value (and sometimes even their dimension, as in the case of Einstein`s coefficients) depends on the notation system.
Many terms are ambiguous. Any use of an ambiguous term should be preceded by the appropriate definition for a particular case. As Ludwig Wittgenstein says in tractatus Logico-Philosophicus: «. It is only in the context of a sentence that a noun has meaning.  Lexical ambiguity is the possibility of multiple interpretations of spoken or written language that make it difficult or impossible to understand without additional information. Ambiguity usually results from the fact that words can mean different things; The additional information usually provides context that clarifies the intended meaning in this case. Lexical means related to words, from the Greek lexikos. Syntactic ambiguity occurs when a sentence can have two (or more) different meanings due to the structure of the sentence – its syntax. This is often due to an amending expression, para. B example a prepositional sentence, the application of which is not clear. «He ate the cookies on the couch,» for example, could mean eating the cookies that were on the couch (as opposed to the ones that were on the table), or it could mean he was sitting on the couch when he ate the cookies.
«To enter, you will need a $10 entrance fee or your voucher and driver`s license.» This could mean that you will need ten dollars OR BOTH your voucher and license. Or it could mean you need your license AND you need ten dollars OR a coupon. Only rewriting the sentence or adjusting the corresponding punctuation can resolve syntactic ambiguity.  For the term and theoretical results on syntactic ambiguity in artificial formal languages (such as computer programming languages), see Ambiguous Grammar. . . .